The National Integrity System (NIS) is the sum of all institutional structures (pillars), legal frameworks, and systematic processes to address governance deficits,corruption and dysfunctional aspects of public institutions and watchdog bodies.Since its articulation, the NIS concept has been used as a basis for qualitatively assessing the vulnerabilities of a given country to corruption and institutional effectiveness in addressing corruption.
Governance at Crossroads: Insights from Bangladesh, strives to bridge the gap between assumptions of western theories and shortcomings of local practices. The book is an outcome of an International Conference on 40 Years of Bangladesh: Retrospect and Future Prospects held in Dhaka on 26-28 November, 2011. It was organised by the Insitute of Governance Studies (IGS) (Now BIGD), BRAC University, in collaboration with the Center for Development Studies (CDS), University of Bath, UK to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Independence of Bangladesh.
This book is an outcome of a study on corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices and their contextual determinants in Bangladesh, with a focus on the Bangladeshi pharmaceutical industry. The author argues that businesses in Bangladesh need to collaborate with the government to close the existing gap of distrust and lack of confidence.
Bangladesh has witnessed a continuous regress in governance since her birth in 1971. The flouting of most norms of personnel administration has created Gresham’s Law Syndrome where the bad drives out the good.
This volume explores the experience of forty years of public administration in Bangladesh as a field of study as well as a practice. Although the latter predates the former, both have nevertheless declined over the decades. None appears to be much capable of keeping pace with developments taking place in its environment. Whatever changes have taken place in each area cannot be considered as ‘sufficient’ to deal with demands of time. The book examines the factors that account for the development and decline of public administration in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is a unitary state with “Westminster model” of governance, but the reality for governance is complex with a plethora of actors both at the national and international levels. The state of Bangladesh has yet not been characterized by features of good governance and democratic policy making regime. Rather favoritism, patron-clientelism and lobbying (Popularly called Tadbir) are very much parts and parcel of the governance and policy making process.
This book is the result of an empirical study aimed at analysing the results of the three parliamentary elections hold in Bangladesh under caretaker administrations since 1991, with special emphasis on the October 2001 election. It carries out an objective analysis of various aspects of the election including possible determinants of party performance and voter turnout and the impact of rebel candidates and other contextual variables on the outcome of the election. To-date, no study has been undertaken to offer an objective analysis of the election results.
The first half of the 21st century is going to be the era of megacities in the developing world. Unless we manage our cities adequately, all hell is likely break loose in the not too distant future. Given the enormous poverty, the gross gender discriminations and the acute environmental degradation already present in these cities, the likelihood of their further deterioration in the coming years in a scenario of no or little reforms is rather obvious. This is a pioneering work on the governance crisis in one such city, namely Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.
The book depicts an analytical picture of the socio-economic transformation of the economy of Bangladesh, particularly of the agriculture and rural sector. Transformation is explained as improved conditions of life and living, through expanded access to income, health, education, energy, transportation services and protection against vulnerability. Public expenditure and policies to support development of infrastructure, technology, institutions, private initiatives of collective organizations, including NGO’s, and numerous individual ventures contributed to the transformation.